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ADHD/ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER

attention deficit

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is characterised by inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity to a degree that is atypical at a child’s or adolescent’s age or developmental level. It affects approximately 3-7% of the school-age population, and 2-4% of the adult population (Weyandt, 2007). The presentation varies widely among individuals, with three broad types apparent: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and combined type (the most common). Executive function difficulties, involving a lack of planning, self-monitoring, working memory deficits etc., are an associated problem in most children and young people with ADHD and these together with the deficits in attention and impulse control typically lead to learning and behavioural difficulties at school. Parents often report major difficulties, also, when it comes to doing homework. Social problems with other children are also very common.

The practice has long experience in assessing children and young people – sometimes adults also – with ADHD, and receives referrals from doctors and paediatricians in such cases to provide the psychological component of a multi-disciplinary assessment. Referrals are also made by psychologists in the practice to an independent paediatric specialist, for medical assessment and, potentially, treatment.